In CleanMyMac X, suspicious are the applications developed or hosted in Russia and Belarus, as these apps may threaten your Mac or the safety of your data. You can find these apps in the Suspicious category of the Uninstaller module.
Why could apps from Russia and Belarus be suspicious?
In a nutshell, local laws (like 374-FZ and 375-FZ) oblige many app developers to store data on servers in Russia and Belarus. At the same time, law enforcement agencies can easily access that information, often without a court decision. Moreover, Russia and Belarus may use software to attack other nations and break people’s right to privacy. We at MacPaw felt it was our responsibility to alert users of such dangers, as well as prevent exploiting their data and violating their human rights.
You may also remove suspicious apps and support the worldwide boycott of businesses cooperating with Russia and Belarus—the states that lead an unlawful and brutal war against Ukraine.
What can you do with a suspicious app in Uninstaller?
- Uninstall the app completely
- Reset it to original state
- Add the app to the Ignore list, so that the Uninstaller doesn't show this application again
Uninstaller has marked an app as suspicious, although it’s not related to Russia or Belarus. Why?
Hackers who crack software often replace the app’s native developer certificates with their own ones. Sadly,
nowadays, the hackers’ certificates (and other digital traces which pirates leave after breaking apps) regularly
point to Russia. The Uninstaller then detects the
ru element in the app’s bundle ID and reports the
application as suspicious.
Thus, if you see a suspicious app that’s unrelated to Russia or Belarus, there’s a chance you’re working with a cracked version of the app. But please note: detecting cracked software is not a CleanMyMac X feature. The fact that hacked apps often have a Russian development certificate is rather a coincidence (which, unfortunately, proves that software products from Russia may be dangerous).
A possible solution might be the following:
- Uninstall the suspicious (cracked) app.
- Download the latest app version from a reliable source (for example, the developer’s website).
- Install the app anew.
If you have questions, don’t hesitate to contact our Support Team.
Criteria that CleanMyMac X uses to detect suspicious apps
The Uninstaller module scans all apps installed on your Mac and identifies an application as suspicious if it matches any Criteria below. Criterion 1 is purely technical; it only requires an automated check on your computer. Criteria 2, 3, 4 involve verifying if an app is mentioned in the Suspicious Apps Database.
The MacPaw team carefully curates this Database together with the software development community and socially responsible people across the globe. We do our best to avoid bringing safe apps to the Suspicious Apps Database. Before making a decision, we study information from different sources, consult security experts, compare various opinions, and try to contact the app developers whenever possible and reasonable.
Criterion 1. Application contains the
in any part
of its bundle ID
Bundle ID is the main programmatic identifier of any app in the Apple ecosystem. This ID usually includes a direct reference to the app developer and their country of origin. The App Store review team verifies bundle IDs thoroughly, so we can be sure the app is related to Russia.
Surely, developers of suspicious Russian apps may reside in other countries or hide their origin. For such occasions, we maintain the Suspicious Apps Database, which is based on the criteria below.
Criterion 2. Application data is stored or processed on servers, located in Russia or Belarus
The legislation of these countries allows governments and affiliated agencies to access vast amounts of private or commercial information, stored on local servers, without user consent or a judicial order. Thus, when you use apps hosted in Russia and Belarus, your data is under high risk of exposure.
Criterion 3. Application developers, owners, or beneficiaries are registered in Russia or Belarus
Laws oblige most companies with local registration to store and process data on servers in Russia or Belarus, making this data an easy target for law enforcers (see Criterion 2).
There’s another risk yet: app developers who successfully work in Russia and Belarus may cooperate closely with the state. Apps, developed by these developers, can be used as an asset in government-led cyber attacks. Such apps may spy on you, steal your data, or harm your computer.
Criterion 4. Application developers, owners, or beneficiaries have a functioning office in Russia or Belarus
Every legal entity in these countries is under the risk of pressure from law enforcement authorities like the FSB (Federal Security Bureau). Using that pressure, authorities can access company-related information even when application and data servers are located beyond Russia and Belarus. If you’re using an app, created by such a company, your data is also at risk.
MacPaw doesn’t consider this criterion as decisive. However, we’re using it as an extra proof or an aggravating circumstance for adding an app to the Suspicious Apps Database.
Do you think an app is safe and should be removed from the Suspicious Apps Database? Tell us!
We're cautious about declaring apps as suspicious, and we appreciate any feedback that could help us improve.
If you're a CleanMyMac user and you're sure an app is not suspicious, please let us know. Any proof or details would be helpful, but if you don't have extra info—write to us anyway, and we'll do a research.
App developers are also welcome to contact us at [email protected] and provide proofs that your application doesn't fall under the Suspicious criteria. We don't have strict requirements for such proofs as we're always open to a productive discussion.