A checklist for buying an external hard drive for Mac
Getting a new, more capacious external hard drive for Mac is a good idea. Let’s admit it: cloud storages aren’t for everybody. After all, a “cloud” is just another term for somebody else’s computer. And they cost money. On the other hand, you could upgrade your Mac’s current drive, but this is a too extreme approach in complexity. So, below we’ve collected a few tips to help you choose the best external hard drive for Mac, so you can get the most value and a bigger bang for your buck.
But let’s start off with the list of basic parameters. These will outline your search for a backup hard drive for Mac:
- Storage capacity
- Data security and backup
- USB speed and data transfer speed
- Raid configuration
- Protective physical layer
- Buffer size
- Failure rate stats
- And yeah, cost, obviously
Tip # 1. Decide between SSD and HDD
External storage solutions come in these two varieties: SSD (solid-state drives) are like big USB flash drives with multiple memory chips to store data, whereas HDDs (hard disc drives) are rotating magnetic disks. If you need more room to store gigabytes of data (videos or photos), you should consider getting an HDD. If your purpose is to get more memory for your Mac’s operating system and apps, then an SSD would be just the right option.
SSD: more speedy, more resistant to shocks, thinner (lighter)
HDD: slower, louder, offer more capacity, cheaper (per 1 GB of storage)
To make your choice even trickier, there are also hybrid drives. These are regular HDDs with an SSD memory block attached, so you get the best of both worlds — speed and capacity within one device. At this point, think about why you need an external hard drive for your Mac in the first place: if it’s for backup and storing sensitive data, simply go with an HDD.
Tip # 2. Free up space on your existing drive
Before getting an external Mac storage device, plow through the garbage on your existing one. This might save you dozens of gigabytes worth of data. For the most part, it’s old downloads, large media files (and their duplicates), application cache, old iOS backups, and, finally, old apps you never use.
In my experience, the best cleanup results are achieved with a dedicated app. I was skeptical about Mac cleaning apps until I came across CleanMyMac X, as it’s the easiest of all. And it really does the job as advertised. My first scan got me around 50 GB back under wrongly deleted volume — I was wondering where my disk space was going!
Here you can download the free version from the developer’s site.
Tip # 3. Consider getting a NAS external hard drive for Mac
There are lots of alternatives even within the HDD domain. If you need to process anything over 2 TB of storage, consider a NAS drive. Network-Attached-Storage (NAS) is shared storage connected to your network router that everyone within your network can access. It’s a good solution for manipulating large-size data, such as your media backups.
How do they work? NAS boxes are connected to your router via an Ethernet cable. It’s worth mentioning that some NAS drives are Mac-friendly and pre-configured to store Mac’s native Time Machine backups. This comes in handy to free your macOS from extra copies of itself.
Apple’s Airport Time Capsule (though now discontinued by Apple) is a pretty expensive NAS solution. Basically, it is a WI-FI router and NAS drive in one body. What’s good about it is its native integration with Mac, which makes the messy backup business at least partly humane. It can even back up from multiple Mac hard drives within your network.
Tip # 4. Read about RAID drives before buying HDD for Mac
Having to choose external hard drive for Mac, take a minute to learn about RAID drives. RAID are multiple hard drives that can be combined in one set. If combined properly, two hard drives may double write and read speeds because the data gets split between the two. Variations of RAIDs (RAID0, RAID5, etc.) specify how exactly the data is split between your Mac external hard drive.
One more use is protection against data loss. Should one drive fail for some reason, the data will be duplicated on a second one. Also, the space issue is resolved — two hard disks will store two times more data, so from your Mac’s perspective, it will look like one single HDD twice as capacious.
Should you bother with RAID when choosing the best external hard drive for Mac? Probably not, unless you’re using a ton of data and a quick data extraction is critical to you. For individual use, a standard HDD will do just fine.
Tip # 5. Study the failure rate of your external drive
Each manufacturer claims their HDD is the most reliable, but the fact is some hard drives fail more often than others. AFR (annual failure rate) is a scientific method to prove that. According to Google, the annual failure rate is 8% for drives after two years in service. In other words, one out of 12 drives will fail. Here is a chart by Backblaze that should give you an idea which team wins in the reliability tournament. As you can see, even for one manufacturer, the failure rate varies from model to model.
Tip # 6. Choose your preferable speed
It’s not as if it’s Formula One case, but HDD spindle speed issue is pretty vital. There are four standard options: 5400, 7200, 10000, 15000 rpm. If you make music or videos on your Mac, you might go for the best speed available on the market, which is 10.000 to 15.000 rpm. Though, the faster an external drive for Mac is, the less capacity it offers.
Tip # 7. Buy an HDD that sports USB 3.0 (or better)
Your external Mac hard drive will have many connection options. Anything lower than USB 3.0 is already outdated nowadays, so it should be your minimum starting point. Thunderbolt 3 or USB Type-C is the fastest port on Mac. It’s advertised as being able to copy 14 hours of HD video in less than a minute. So, make sure your portable hard drive for Mac is Thunderbolt-3 compatible.
Tip # 8. Consider portability
Depending on their physical size, there are several external drive options. We assume that you are not a company and don’t need the large enterprise-class drive (used for running servers). This means you’ll likely be choosing between a standard desktop-class drive (with spinning platters) and slimmer SSD options, more resembling USB drives.
Standard desktop drives offer capacities of around 8 TB, which should be perfect for storing your movies and photos collection. These desktop-class external hard drives for Mac rely on wall power supply and lack portability. Portable hard drives for Mac, on the other hand, are powered by your computer and can be surprisingly tiny nowadays. Here’s the golden formula to keep in mind: considering capacity, size, and low price, be prepared that you can’t have all three at the same time. Want your drive to be very small and very capacious? Then, there’s no way it can be cheap. And likewise, if you aim at a cheap and capacious drive, it can’t possibly be small in size — you get the idea.
Extra tips before buying external drive for MacBook Pro
- Locate large hidden files on your Mac with CleanMyMac X. You can download the free version of the app here.
- After purchase, don’t convert your Mac external HDD to APFS — it’s not supported yet.
- Buy a drive that has a larger cache (or buffer) size — 32 MB is a golden middle.
- Never trust all your data to a single backup volume; it, too, may fail.
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