How to free up RAM on Mac (MacBook Pro, Air, iMac)
There were days when Macs were equipped with 4 GB of RAM. Modern MacBooks, though, come with more memory — you can get up to 64GB. However, over time, even they may become slower. One of the reasons that may cause the issue is high RAM usage.
In this article, we’ll explain what RAM is, how to check RAM usage, and, most importantly, describe 10 easy ways to reduce memory usage on Mac. Let’s go!
What is RAM
RAM stands for random access memory. It is where everything that is currently being used is stored — apps, data, and components of the operating system. This space is short-term, meaning that it changes based on the apps you run. What matters is that you have enough RAM in order to open and utilize all of the apps you need.
How to check RAM usage on Mac
Go to Applications and type in Activity Monitor in the search bar. This invokes a good old Activity Monitor that should tell how much free memory you’ve got left.
A shortcut to open Activity Monitor: click Command-Space and start typing Activity Monitor in the search bar.
I’ve attached a screenshot from my Mac, and as you can see, my memory usage has almost reached full capacity. Here’s what it all means:
taken by apps and processes
|reserved by apps, can’t be freed up
inactive, can be used by other apps
|memory used by macOS
memory you can really use
Notice the colored graph under Memory Pressure. If your chart is all but red and yellow, your Mac is really gasping for fresh memory. It seems counter-intuitive, but the amount of available memory on your Mac is not that important after all. In fact, it’s a system’s intended behavior to use all memory resources when available. On the contrary, the Memory Pressure graph is much more telling, so grow a habit of checking this graph in the Activity Monitor every now and then.
How to check CPU usage on Mac
Open the CPU tab in Activity Monitor to keep CPU-heavy processes in check. Usually, an app would use 0-4% of the CPU. If it takes abnormally more than that, go inside that particular item in the list and click the Quit button.
How to free up memory on Mac
1. Restart your Mac more often to free up RAM
Restarting your Mac is basically the simplest way to deal with numerous issues at once, and freeing up memory is just one of them. Basically, it empties RAM and clears out all temporary files. It is a good practice to develop a habit of restarting your Mac every few days.
2. Remove Login Items
Login Items are programs that load automatically upon Mac startup. Some of them covertly add themselves to the list, which is no good. If you’re looking to free up RAM, they are the first candidates for deletion. Don’t worry, you’re not deleting the app itself; you just stop it from auto-launching every time.
So, to remove Login Items and at the same time reduce your memory usage of your Mac, you need to:
- Open System Settings > General > Login Items.
- Look for Open at Login.
- Click programs you don’t want to load as your Mac starts.
- Click the “–” sign below.
Now, you won’t see these apps pop up the moment you turn on your Mac.
3. Free up disk space
The available space on your Mac’s drive translates into virtual memory. This comes to save you when you’ve run out of physical RAM. So now your computer relies on your hard drive space to keep your apps going.
The classic geek rule of thumb holds that you should keep at least 20% of disk space on your startup drive. Not only does this potentially reduce your future spending on iCloud storage, but it also keeps your Mac speedier.
What to delete to free up space:
- Large unused files, like movies
- Old downloads
- Rarely used applications
- System junk
To see how much free space you have available, go to the Apple menu > System Settings > General. Here, click Storage.
Your Mac has a few built-in tools for managing disk space. Look under the Storage bar to access them and delete unneeded things here and there.
4. Free up RAM on Mac with CleanMyMac X
Freeing up memory can be a one-click task if you choose a dedicated app to do it for you. CleanMyMac X is an Apple-notarized Mac cleaner that helps declutter, optimize, and protect your Mac. It has a useful Maintenance module that can solve a lot of memory issues on your machine. Try it next time you see the “Your system has run out of application memory” message.
- Download it for free and go to the Maintenance tab.
- Click Free Up RAM.
- Click Run.
As simple as that!
And to do it, download the app for free here.
5. Clean up your Desktop
This tip always comes at the bottom of instructions and unfairly, so it is pretty effective. Without even looking at your Desktop, I would assume it’s cluttered with mountains of icons. The thing is, your macOS was designed in a way that it treats every Desktop icon as a little active window. The more icons, the heavier memory usage on Mac. So, in order to release available memory resources, it’s recommended to keep your Desktop clean.
To clean up the mess, Control-click your Desktop and select Use Stacks. This feature organizes your files and makes it easy to delete things in bulk.
6. Clear cache files
Another way to free up RAM on Mac is to clear it of cache files. Of course, it won’t save you gigabytes of space, but by deleting cache regularly, you can help your Mac run faster and avoid system issues.
So, to remove cache files on your Mac, you need to:
- Open Finder.
- From the Go menu, select Go to Folder.
~/Library/Cachesin the field and press Return.
- In the window that appears, you will see all your cache files.
- Press Command-A to select all files or delete files one by one.
- Enter your username and password to confirm.
If you find some files still in the folder after you emptied it, maybe you have some windows open on your Mac. Just like that, you can save up some space on your Mac. Don’t forget to empty Trash afterward.
7. Tune up Chrome’s Task Manager
Although Google Chrome is not the one to blame for massive memory usage, it can indeed affect your Mac’s performance. If you use Chrome as your primary browser, you probably have many windows open there. Chrome runs a lot of processes to ensure a fast browsing experience for you. So, it uses your RAM for storing your tabs, plug-ins, and extensions. Look at how many entries Google Chrome has in Activity Monitor:
The question then arises, “Why does Chrome use so much RAM?” The thing is that each process is responsible for a separate plug-in or extension of your browser. For example, when a tab unexpectedly falls, you need to refresh it to continue your work there. If one process were responsible for all tabs and extensions, you would need to restart the whole browser instead. Can you imagine how many times you would do that? That’s the proper answer to why Chrome uses so much RAM.
I’ve been using Chrome for some years, only to discover (recently) that Chrome had a task manager of its own. You can use it to force quit memory-heavy processes in the browser. It’s a handy tool because it lets you see how a page weighs on CPU usage on a Mac.
- Go to Chrome settings (dotted icon in the top right corner).
- Click More tools > Task Manager.
To free up even more RAM, close the GPU process. The GPU Process, though helpful in theory to accelerate pages, eats up a considerable amount of memory. Click End Process next to it to free up RAM on your Mac.
8. Manage RAM usage with the CleanMyMac X Menu
CleanMyMac X has another useful and convenient feature for managing your Mac’s performance and memory usage. As you install CleanMyMac X and start it for the first time, its icon will appear in your menu bar. Click the icon to open the CleanMyMac X menu.
Whenever you feel like your Mac underperforms, open the CleanMyMac X menu to check how much RAM is available and free it up as well. Here’s how to quit apps that eat up a lot of your memory:
- Go to CleanMyMac X Menu in your menu bar.
- Click Memory.
- You’ll see your Memory monitor. Click Quit next to any app that’s on the Top Consumers list.
That’s it! As you see, Menu makes it super easy to control your Memory and CPU loads.
There are a few tricks that will help you fix your RAM issues. Read on.
9. Close Finder windows
Okay, suppose you’re still asking yourself how I clear RAM on my MacBook Pro/MacBook Air. The next trick is as magical (you’ll see for yourself) as it is time-saving. It’s no secret that each window in the Finder eats up RAM. But how many open windows are there? Some of them are collapsed or stacked in some blind spot on your screen. This Finder command merges all your windows into one. See how to do it:
Click on Finder > Window > Merge All Windows.
Now you can manage Finder windows more effectively and free up memory on MacBook.
10. Keep fewer opened tabs in the browser
Regardless of the browser you use, it may be a real memory hogger. Most commonly, it is Chrome that is blamed for significant RAM usage. However, the truth is that any browser can eat up memory, especially if you have dozens of tabs opened at the same time. Therefore, another tip is to keep fewer tabs in the browser. You can either close the unnecessary ones or save them to the reading list or bookmarks if you need to access them later.
Bonus tip: How to reduce RAM usage on Mac quickly?
To free up RAM on your Mac, firstly, you should find out what app uses so much of your memory. The memory-heavy programs are listed in Activity Monitor, Memory tab. If there is an app you aren’t using at the moment, click it and hit the “X” sign to quit it. This will, in turn, free some of the application memory and help with reducing Mac memory usage.
That was my take on how to make your Mac a bit speedier to use. If you’re looking for more guidance, check simple ways to speed up your Mac.